Morocco

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Morocco has capitalized on its proximity to Europe and relatively low labor costs to build a diverse, open, market-oriented economy. In the 1980s Morocco was a heavily indebted country before pursuing austerity measures and pro-market reforms, overseen by the IMF. Since taking the throne in 1999, King MOHAMMED VI has presided over a stable economy marked by steady growth, low inflation, and gradually falling unemployment, although poor harvests and economic difficulties in Europe contributed to an economic slowdown. Industrial development strategies and infrastructure improvements - most visibly illustrated by a new port and free trade zone near Tangier - are improving Morocco's competitiveness. Morocco also seeks to expand its renewable energy capacity with a goal of making renewable more than 40% of electricity output by 2020. Key sectors of the economy include agriculture, tourism, aerospace, phosphates, textiles, apparel, and subcomponents. To boost exports, Morocco entered into a bilateral Free Trade Agreement with the United States in 2006 and an Advanced Status agreement with the European Union in 2008. Despite Morocco's economic progress, the country suffers from high unemployment, poverty, and illiteracy, particularly in rural areas. In 2011 and 2012, high prices on fuel - which is subsidized and almost entirely imported - strained the government's budget and widened the country's current account deficit. In 2014, Morocco ended subsidies on diesel, gasoline, and fuel oil which have improved its budget deficit. Subsidies on sugar, butane gas, and flour remain. Morocco’s current account deficit has also benefit from the fall in oil prices. Key economic challenges for Morocco include reforming the education system and the judiciary, while increasing the competitiveness of the private sector.

$252.4 billion (2014 est.) $245.2 billion (2013 est.) $234.9 billion (2012 est.) note: data are in 2014 US dollars country comparison to the world: 57
$109.2 billion (2014 est.)
2.9% (2014 est.)
4.4% (2013 est.)
2.7% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91
$7,600 (2014 est.)
$7,400 (2013 est.)
$7,100 (2012 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars
country comparison to the world: 150
household consumption: 60.6%
government consumption: 19%
investment in fixed capital: 30%
investment in inventories: 4%
exports of goods and services: 33.7%
imports of goods and services: -47.3%
(2014 est.)
agriculture: 14%
industry: 24.9%
services: 61.1% (2014 est.)
26.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110
-5% of GDP (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 165
$19.56 billion (2014 est.)
$18.26 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74
$40.04 billion (2014 est.)
$39.85 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 62
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